In nature and technologies there are many processes involving phase transitions in the initial type – the liquid-vapor. Modern day technology, specifically transport and energy market, primarily based on the conversion of possible power with the fuel into kinetic energy, where phd dissertation the basic course of action is the working fluid passage in the liquid for the gaseous state. The enhance in heat capacity and thermal processes intensification devices results in the truth that the phase transition liquid-vapor precedes metastable (overheated) liquid state. Boil the superheated liquid is accompanied by a considerable release of energy stored in it. This fact has to be taken into account in the evaluation of accidents connected for the depressurization of vessels and apparatuses filled with liquid at higher pressures and temperatures. As a result actively studied problems beneath the title « steam explosion ». Procedure evaluation intensive phase transition from the superheated liquid to gaseous state demands detailed data about circumstances from the vapor phase nucleation inside the superheated liquid and its further development.

The experimental procedure. Maximum temperature limited superheating liquids homogeneous nucleation, i.e., The spontaneous formation of nuclei of steam, the dimensions of which exceed vital. Pa such embryos liquid capable of extremely rapid boil. The frequency with the spontaneous formation of nuclei is determined by the formula. Frequency versus temperature is expressed incredibly strongly. Within the case of superheated ethyl ester, for instance, at a temperature of 143 ° C ravna1 nucleation frequency. Above this temperature only two degrees likelihood of germ increases 105 occasions, and 1010 occasions three degrees. This shows that, on the one particular hand, particularly fluid stable with respect towards the appearance of spontaneous nucleation, and on the other hand, in a narrow temperature range which may be characterized by a certain temperature, referred to as temperature homogeneous nucleation, having a probability of practically equal to one, it boils .

The practical realization of effervescence on spontaneous nucleation sites could possibly be achieved by speedy heating unsteady. For stationary heating, the implementation of such a problem connected with a number of difficulties due to the presence in a liquid artificial nucleation web sites disposed on the surfaces of dispersed particles contaminating fluid.